Timisoara

Timisoara

Things to do - general

Timișoara is the third most populous city in the country, with 319,279 inhabitants as of the 2011 census. Timișoara is the informal capital city of the historical region of Banat. In September 2016, Timișoara was selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2021.

Timișoara lies at an altitude of 90 metres (300 feet) on the southeast edge of the Banat plain, part of the Pannonian Plain near the divergence of the Timiș and Bega rivers. The waters of the two rivers form a swampy and frequently flooded land. Timișoara developed on one of few places where the swamps could be crossed. These constituted a natural protection around the fortress for a very long time, however, they also favoured a wet and insalubrious climate, as well as the proliferation of the plague and cholera, which kept the number of inhabitants at a relatively low number and significantly prevented the development of the city. With time, however, the rivers of the area were drained, dammed and diverted. Due to these hydrographical projects undertaken in the 18th century, the city no longer lies on the Timiș River, but on the Bega canal. This improvement of the land was made irreversible by building the Bega canal (started in 1728) and by the complete draining of the surrounding marshes. However, the land across the city lies above a water table at a depth of only 0.5 to 5 metres (1.6–16.4 feet), a factor which does not allow the construction of tall buildings. The rich black soil and relatively high water table make this a fertile agricultural region.

Country Romania
Visa requirements

No.

Languages spokenRomanian, Serbian
Currency usedRON
Area (km2)130.5

Culture and history info

In many respects, it is the abundance of Secessionist architecture that has provided Timisoara with its rather appropriate moniker, "Little Vienna." Secessionism developed in two distinct architectural phases here. Sinuous lines and floral decorations characterized the first phase which lasted until 1908. The second phase, which continued until the First World War, saw simpler, larger buildings with geometrical designs. Secessionism in Romania was an important link between the Byzantine style and later modernist architecture.

Some of the city's most interesting sites are its elegant baroque buildings, spread around town and particularly along the main square, Piata Victoriei, which stretches from Opera Square (Piata Operei) to Loga Boulevard.

Across the town centre is the picturesque Habsburg-era Piata Unirii, so-named for the imposing sight of the Romano-Catholic and Serbian Orthodox Cathedrals facing each other. Historic pastel-hued buildings line the square. During the 18th century, this was the city's commercial centre and the venue for numerous military processions and religious ceremonies.

The focal point is the towering Romanian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Catedrala Ortodoxa Mitropolitana) at the south side of the square. Built between 1936 and 1946, its green and red roof tiles are arranged in a mosaic design. In front of the Cathedral is a memorial to those who lost their lives during the 1989 Revolution which overthrew Communist rule. The Memorial Museum of the 1989 Revolution (Muzeul Revolutiei) offers a full insight into the revolution in Timisoara.

Hotel Savoy

Hotel Savoy

Timisoara, Tudor Vladimirescu Street No. 2, Timisoara
Located in the heart of Timisoara, the elegant Savoy Hotel has kept the original façades from 1935, More info
Hotel Silva

Hotel Silva

Timisoara, Victor Babes Street No. 25, Timisoara
Featuring free WiFi and a terrace, Hotel Silva offers accommodations in Timişoara. Guests can enjoy More info
Hotel Timisoara

Hotel Timisoara

Timisoara, Marasesti 1-3, Timisoara
Hotel Timisoara is situated right in the centre of Timisoara, overlooking the Opera Square and withi More info
Hotel Victoria

Hotel Victoria

Timisoara, Lucian Blaga Street, Timisoara
Hotel Victoria is located in the Old City neighborhood in Timişoara, just 46.7 km from Arad. Every r More info